Cement is manufactured through a large-scale, complex, and capital and energy-intensive process. At the core of the production process is a rotary kiln, in which limestone and clay are heated to approximately 1,450 degrees Celsius. The semi-finished product, called clinker, is created by sintering. In the cement mill, gypsum is added to the clinker and the mixture is ground to a fine powder – traditional Portland cement. Other high-grade materials such as granulated blast furnace slag, fly ash, pozzolan, and limestone are added in order to modify the properties of the cement. Holcim offers customers a very wide range of cements. However, the Group sees itself as a service provider that generates added value for its partners through the advice it gives and the customized solutions it delivers for specific construction projects.

Consolidated key figures cement in 2014


Includes all other cementitious materials

Production capacity cement in million t


Cement and grinding plants


Sales of cement in million t


Net sales1 in million CHF


Operating profit1 in million CHF




Consolidated sales of cement 2014 per region1


Inter-regional sales -3.2 million t

Asia Pacific

71.2 million t

Latin America

24.6 million t


26.4 million t

North America

13.0 million t

Africa Middle East

8.3 million t


In 2014 cement volumes increased 1.0 percent to 140.3 million tonnes. Volume increases in Asia Pacific, North America, and Africa Middle East were able to make up for the lower shipments in Europe and Latin America. The Group companies with the highest volume increases included Holcim US, Holcim Philippines, Holcim Morocco, Ambuja Cements, Holcim Indonesia, and Holcim Mexico. Azerbaijan, Ecuador, and Italy reported markedly lower cement shipments. The Group also sold 4.3 million tonnes of mineral components in 2014.

Sales of cement in Million t